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  • Writer's pictureAntonis Chaliakopoulos, MSc

11 Cool Facts about Filopappou Hill in Athens

Filopappou Hill is a peaceful spot with superb panoramic views of the city. It is one of the few places in the centre of Athens where you can find some peace and quiet while also enjoying the best views of the Acropolis. Originally called the Hill of the Muses, it became known as Filopappou Hill, named after the beautiful marble tomb of the Greek prince Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes, commonly known by his nickname ‘Philopappos’ (meaning ‘the one who loves his grandfather’).


Top of Filopappou Hill showing the Philopappos monument

1. Name

Filopappou Hill is named after Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos, a prince of the Kingdom of Commagene who lived during the 1st century AD.


2. Hill of the Muses

The hill is also known as Hill of the Muses because it is believed to have been a place where the ancient Greeks worshipped the nine Muses, the goddesses of the arts and sciences.


3. Location and Surroundings

Filopappou Hill is located southwest of the Acropolis and overlooks the ancient Agora of Athens. The hill is part of a larger archaeological site that includes the Hill of the Nymphs, the Pnyx (the site of the ancient Athenian assembly), and the Acropolis.


4. Hiking and Panoramic Views

The hill is a popular spot for hiking and offers panoramic views of Athens, including the Acropolis, the Parthenon, and the Aegean Sea.


5. Filopappou Monument

On top of the hill, there is a monument called the Filopappou Monument or the Monument of Philopappos. The monument was built in honor of Philopappos and was completed in 114 AD.


6. Architecture

The Filopappou Monument is considered a masterpiece of Roman-era architecture and is a popular tourist attraction in Athens. The monument consists of a large limestone structure with three arches, and a statue of Philopappos on top.


7. Ancient Ruins

In addition to the monument, there are several other ancient ruins on Filopappou Hill, including a section of the Themistoclean Wall, which was built in the 5th century BC to protect Athens from invasion.


8. Protected Natural Area

Filopappou Hill is also home to several plant and animal species, including pine trees, cypresses, and tortoises. The hill is a protected natural area and is part of the Natura 2000 network, a European initiative to protect biodiversity.


9. Sunsets

The hill is a popular spot for watching the sunset and is known for its stunning views of the sun setting over the city of Athens. Many locals and tourists alike gather on the hill to enjoy the picturesque scenery and take in the breathtaking views.


10. Cultural Events

Filopappou Hill is also a venue for cultural events, including music concerts and theatrical performances. The hill is a popular location for outdoor events due to its scenic location and historical significance.


11. Local Community

Filopappou Hill is an important part of the local community and is a place where residents of Athens can come to relax, exercise, and connect with nature. The hill has played an important role in the history and culture of Athens and remains a cherished part of the city's heritage.


View of Athens city from Filopappou Hill

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